"Most of my artwork involves using a method known as “hardground.” It is a coating applied to a plate to protect it from the action of the mordant used in etching. Following plate preparation a ground can be applied to protect the plate. A hard ground is typically drawn through with a needle. Traditionally the hard ground yields a pen-like line associated with etchings. The longer the hard ground plate is exposed to the acid, the deeper and wider the line becomes. With Milwaukee River, I was able to create more detail, hence the amount of lines."